In this article we are going to share information about one of engine parts called piston rings. After read this article you will know the basic functions and bad symptoms of piston rings and also tips to prevent.
The internal combustion engine of a vehicle is comprised of piston rings which surround the diameter of the pistons. There are 4 primary functions to piston rings:
- The first function is to seal the middle of the cylinder and piston after combustion takes place. That way, the combustion gases do not leak out from there.
- The second function is to manage the amount of oil lubrication for the moving pistons.
- The third function is to take heat away from the pistons so that it doesn’t damage the engine.
- Finally, the last function of piston rings is to ensure the piston does not knock against the cylinder wall.
As you can see, the piston rings play a vital role in the functionality of your vehicle’s engine. You cannot afford to have one of its functions go bad, let alone all of them. This could spell trouble for you as you’re driving your vehicle. Suddenly, you’ll experience an array of problems with the engine, oil, and overall performance of the vehicle. If you can understand what these problems mean and where they come from, then you can trace them back to bad piston rings.
5 Bad Symptoms
The piston rings should stay strong for a very long time. However, like most parts in a vehicle, they will eventually become worn out. You will need to replace these components quickly or else your vehicle will face more severe damage. This will be damage that will cost you thousands of dollars instead of hundreds of dollars. Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms of bad piston rings as they occur.
Below are the top 5 symptoms of bad piston rings in your car.
1) Oil Leak – Whenever you have worn out or damaged piston rings, they are going to leak oil from them. This oil will likely find its way into the internal combustion chamber. Once that happens, there will be an abundance of oil consumed at a fast rate. To prevent too much engine heat from being generated, you’ll need to add more oil in order to supplement the oil that leaked out. Of course, you should only do this so that you can buy enough time to get your vehicle to the mechanic and have them fix the leak.
2) Poor Acceleration Performance – Damaged piston rings will cause your engine power to diminish. You will notice this when you step on the gas pedal to try and accelerate your vehicle. Instead of going faster as you accelerate, there will be a delayed reaction to the acceleration. It may even take more than a few seconds before you start going a little bit faster. But you won’t go as fast as you’d like to, though.
3) Excessive Exhaust Smoke – Bad piston rings can result in gray or white colored exhaust smoke coming out of your tailpipe. This is a result of the leaky oil burning inside the combustion chamber. It will be a very thick cloud of smoke which you can distinguish from any other type of exhaust smoke. If you see this smoke coming out, then you can blame it on bad piston rings.
4) No Acceleration – As the poor acceleration continues from having bad piston rings, it will eventually become so bad that you won’t be able to accelerate at all. You will merely step on the gas pedal and the vehicle just won’t be able to go over a certain speed. In some cases, it won’t be able to move at all, leaving your vehicle parked and stagnate.
5) Overheated Engine – If you fail to notice the oil leak from having bad piston rings, then your engine will start to heat up. Remember that oil is what lubricates the engine and keeps its moving components cooled. If these components start to heat up too much, they will overheat the engine. This could cause permanent engine damage, which is the costliest problem you will ever need to fix.
Tips to Prevent
The only way to solved the piston rings problem us to change it. But the price often would make you want to break your credit card. So you should considering to prevent the pistons rings wore out.
- Only using the recommended engine oil. Some oil is too washy to your piston ring and its seals. It could be initiate the oil leak. Different car has different engine. They need certain oil that might be incompatible with another one.
- Change the oil and filters as recommended at your manual book. Usually the book suggested you to change those parts by distance or date. Write down every time you change them, both distance and date and price if necessary. it could be practiced for the other components.
- Pull over and bring your vehicle to the mechanic as soon as you find out something wrong with your car, especially with your engine.